As the Article contains several separate and yet connected truths, it seems best first to analyse it as a whole, and then to consider more in detail the chief doctrines taught and implied.
1. The Fact of the Resurrection. “Christ did truly rise again from death.” The emphasis is plainly on the reality of the physical resurrection.
2. The identity of the risen body. “And took again His body.” This is a further proof of actual resurrection which necessarily involves identity with the past.
3. The difference between the risen body and that which was buried. “With flesh, bones, and all things appertaining to the perfection of man’s nature.” The omission of “blood” may possibly refer to the essential difference between the body buried and that which was raised. The Article, following Scripture, speaks of “flesh and bones,” and this phrase contrasted with St. Paul’s word about “flesh and blood” being unable to enter the Kingdom of God, may suggest that while the resurrection body was not constituted on a natural basis through blood, yet that it possessed “all things appertaining to the perfection of man’s nature.” Thus, the true description of the Resurrection seems to be that it was an objective reality, and yet not merely a physical resuscitation. It was the same, yet different; different, yet the same.
4. The Ascension. “Wherewith He ascended into heaven.” The Latin is significant, cum quibus, i.e. with all the parts of His physical nature herein specified. Thus, following Scripture, the Article makes no distinction between the Resurrection and the Ascension as actual facts.
5. The Session. “And there sitteth.” This is a virtual repetition of the statement of the Creed, as based upon New Testament teaching.
6. The Return. “Until He return.” Another reference to that which is so prominent in the New Testament, the Second Advent of our Lord.
7. The Judgment. “To judge all men at the last day.” Again, following the Creed, the statement is quite general in regard to the purpose for which Christ returns.
>> Part 2. The Place Of The Resurrection In The New Testament